Ghana - modernist architecture

Historical Overview

Ghana's rich history centers on the once-great Ashanti Empire, which rose to power during the late 17th century and continued to prosper as a center of the 18th century slave trade. The Ashanti capital, Kumasi, was during this period one of the finest and most advanced cities in Africa, and the Ashanti state even employed significant numbers of Europeans as advisors and administrators. The European presence in Ghana is also marked by the multitude of colonial forts that dot its coastline--strongholds that anchored the European trade in gold, ivory, and slaves. Although Ghana, then known as the Gold Coast, was largely considered a British territory by the latter half of the 19th century, it wasn't until 1900 that the British succeeded in defeating the Ashanti and the area's other strong kingdoms.

If Ghana was late in coming under European control, it was also the first African nation to win back its independence, in 1957. However, corruption and internal military strife proved to be apparently intractable problems, and Ghana went through an extended period of instability in the 1960s and 1970s marked by military rule. The country has been since then been moving steadily toward political stability and economic prosperity, and seems today to possess one of the most promising futures of any of the West African nations.

Most of Ghana's 23 million people practice either Christianity or Islam, which are prevalent depending on the region. Christianity prospers in the south, while Islam dominates the rural north. Local religions also endure in Ghana, and are often practiced alongside the mainstream religions.

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Practical information

Ghana Nature Tours warmly welcomes you to Ghana, land of natural treasures and hospitality.

Ghana has all the ingredients for great tourism and an exciting holiday: safe beaches lined with coconut trees, forts and medieval castles, national parks and tropical rain forests. In this section we present you with information about Ghana, its history, culture, people and nature.

You will discover Ghana to be a country rich in culture, festivals, and social customs and traditions. The people are genuinely friendly, warm and hospitable. Ghana is an ideal haven for holiday makers, lovers of nature, wildlife and adventure.


English is the official national language and it’s widely spoken as a result of the country’s long links with Britain. A total of at least 46 local languages and 76 dialects are spoken in Ghana, generally divided into the Akan, Mole-Dagbani, Ewe and Ga language groups. Twi is the main Akan dialect, first language to roughly half the population, including both the Ashanti and Fante, and widely spoken elsewhere in central, eastern, western and southern parts of the country.



Ghana is a stable and prosperous country compared to other countries in the sub-region and is becoming increasingly popular among tourists but is still free of mass-tourism. The combination of natural attractions and cultural heritage makes Ghana a perfect travel destination.


Money Issues

The official currency is the Ghana Cedi (GH¢), which is divided into 100 pesewas. Foreign currency can be exchanged at any forex bureau as well as at some commercial banks; banks and foreign exchange facilities are available at the airport and in all major towns. Banking hours are usually from 8.30am to 3pm Monday to Friday, and most large commercial banks have ATMs locate outside, although only limited amounts of cedis can be drawn at a time. The most widely accepted credit cards are American Express, Diners and Visa, and cards can be used for payment at major hotels and shops. The best currencies to bring are US dollars, British pounds or Euros as other currencies exchange are at poor rates. Cedi notes are available in denominations of GHC 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1.

Credit cards are accepted by major hotels, restaurants, banks and businesses. Traveler cheques are accepted at banks and forex bureaus in the capital Accra, but the rate of exchange may be lower than for cash transactions.